Vachana in Kannada
ಹುಸಿಯ ನುಡಿಯಲು ಬೇಡ,
ಇದಿರ ಹಳಿಯಲು ಬೇಡ.
ಇದೆ ನಮ್ಮ ಕೂಡಲಸಂಗನನೊಲಿಸುವ ಪರಿ.
husiya nuDiyalu bEDa,
idira haLiyalu bEDa.
ide namma kUDalasaMgananolisuva pari.
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Do not Steal, Do not kill
Do not speak a Lie
Do not be Angry with any one
Do not feel Disgust for others (Do not scorn any one)
Do not indulge in Self praise (Do not glorify yourself)
Do not Humiliate any one (Do not blame anyone)
This is your Inward Purity
This is your outward Purity
This is the way to win the Lord Kudala Sangama!
This is probably the most popular of Basavanna's Vachanas. The seven don’ts highlighted in first six lines are often referred to as 'Seven Commandments' of Veerashivism. These commandments guide us towards achieving a scrupulously austere life. The Vachana stresses the rightness of the Body (Kaaya), the Speech (Vaacha) and the Self (Mind - Manas). The first two commandments of the Vachana referring to theft and murder, represent the acts of the body. The next two, lying and anger are acts of speech. Disgust, Self Praise and Humiliating are acts of the mind. One can easily argue that the mind actually triggers the speech and the body when the any of the acts above are performed by us. As such, cultivating our mind is of prime importance. Cultivating the body and the speech are first steps in cultivating the mind. The Vachana gives a small list of Don'ts. If we are habitual doers of any of these seven acts and ponder over the consequences, it is easy to realize how much it contributes to the misery of ourselves and those around us.
The inward purity refers to the cleansing of what is 'within' namely the Self (the mind). The outward purity refers to cleansing that which is external - the body and the surrounding environment. Total purity thus constitutes purification of the internal and the external. It is said that we are just sparks of the supreme power (the Lord) and our eventual goal is to be one with Him. The Vachana stipulates that total purity is the only way to reach the Lord.
Very often religious tenets turn into dry rites and rituals, though they were intended to purify us from within and without, thereby rendering us to receive the divine grace. As time passes by, the true spirit of the Faith is forgotten and rites and rituals become predominant. Perhaps the health of the body that harbors the spirit and the health of the spirit that enlivens the body have little to do with these rites and rituals. Shiva Sharanas have emphasized the consecration of the individual's body as the temple of all gifts conferred by the creator, while protesting against the routine practice of rites and rituals. Thus, the purity of the body and the purity of the self are of phenomenal importance, to learn, experience, achieve and realize anything and everything.
Seemingly very simple, this vachana addresses the complexity of the mind. There is violence in us. Most often we are not even aware of it. Even when we become aware of it, we would not know how to deal with it. How does one end it? What does it takes to end it? We will have to go to the root cause of it. At the root we may find intolerance, disgust, hatred jealousy or ego. Why are we intolerable……? No matter how sophisticated we are, these are part of all of us. Are these the results of our conditioning? When we watch them carefully we may notice how subtly they are woven in to our day today behavior. They are so disguised in our behavior, we may think others don’t notice them. To be aware of all this, we need to be completely attentive to our self all the time. Such awareness seems almost impossible since we slip in to inattentiveness very quickly and a lot of energy is needed to get back to be attentive. Thus, practicing the simple tenets of this vachana is a way to self realization.